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英语时态(一共20种)

发布时间:2013-06-20 13:20 ? 浏览次数:

英语时态(一共20种)

撰稿人:Linda 更新日期:2013-06-20 点击:1289

以下的英语语法是west-man.com的首席指导Linda女士根据自己十几年在美国生活的英语经验自己总结而成,包括例句都是自己撰写。希望对学员有益,版权所有归本公司所有。

                   英语的20种时态

1,一般现在时表示现在或者经常发生的动作和情况.经常和often,alwayseveryday.....等连用
例如:I always drive my bicycle to school
I often get up at 7 o' clock in the morning .
I eat apple everyday.

2,
一般过去时表示过去发生的动作或者状态, 经常与yesterday, last month , last year, before等表示过去的时间状语连用.....
例如:I visited my sister last month.
I planted a tree in the evening yesterday.

3,
一般将来时will/ shall + 动词原形
或者用Be going to do ....表示打算去做什么
例如: I will see him next week
We are gong to school this afternoon
.
我们打算下午去学校。
We shall send her a glass hand-made craft as her birthday gift. 我们将送一个手工做的玻璃杯作为她的生日礼物。

特殊动词,come, leave, stay, start, sleep 等的一般进行时表示将来发生的动作。例如,the spring is coming 春天就要来了。

I am sleeping.我将要睡着了。

4一般将来时的被动语态will/shall be + done

this criminal will be killed by government next week .

The shoes will be thrown into the trash can .

This room will be cleaned soon.

5
现在进行时:表示现在正在发生的动作或者状态
句型:am ,Is , are+doing
例如:I am eating breakfast now.
He is smoking in his room.
They are cutting the grass.

6现在进行时的被动语态am ,is ,are + being + done

例如:my car is being put up for sale. 我的车现在正在被拍卖。

My trees are being cut down.我的树正在被砍掉。

7过去进行时:表示过去正在发生的动作或者状态 was,were + doing

例句:I was reading my book when my mother went to my room.

They were talking about this project in the class 2 o'clock yesterday. 昨天两点钟他们正在教室里讨论这个课题。

8过去进行时的被动语态was,were+being + done

例句:the system was being updated just now 刚才这个系统正在被更新

the thieves were being chased by policemen at the same time yesterday

小偷们昨天这个时候正在被警察追捕。

9,现在完成时:表示到现在为止已经完成或者刚刚完成的动作。经常跟since, for, already , untilyet(放在否定句中).....表示一段时间的状语连用。

句型:have ,has +done(动词的过去分词。)


例如,I already have finished reading this book 我已经读完了这本书
I haven't finished this book yet 我还没有读完这本书
I haven't booked my plane ticket until yesterday 直到昨天我还没有订机票。
He has lived here for 5 years since he moved this town.

自从他搬到这个小镇,他已经在这里居住了五年了。

10现在完成时的被动语态: have ,has been + done

this story has been read many times by him.

The rooms have been cleaned since he came here.

my car has been put up on sale for one month.

我的车已经被放在那里出售一个月了。(到现在还没有卖掉)

My friend has been married for 3 years. Be married 是个句型)

我的朋友已经结婚三年了。(到现在为止还维持着婚姻)

提示:my friend has married for 3 years.(这是个错句子,美国人不用这个句子。虽然从语法上讲得通,但是意思很容易让人误解,是不是她现在已经离婚了?)

现在完成时和一般过去式的区别:

He worked in that company for 5 years

他曾经在那家公司工作了五年.说的是过去发生的事,现在他已经不在那家公司工作。

He has worked in that company for 5 years 他已经在那家公司工作了五年

表示的是过去发生的事到现在为止,他仍然在这家公司工作。

 

11过去完成时: 表示在过去的某个时间已经完成的动作或者状态,表示过去的过去。一般和一般过去式连用。

句型:had + done(动词的过去分词。)

注意:当两个动作同时发生的时候,先发生的用过去完成时,后发生的用一般过去时。

例如,1When the policemen came the apartment the thieves had already left. 当警察到达这个公寓的时候,小偷已经离开了。
因为小偷先走,警察后到,所以描述小偷的句子用过去完成时,警察的句子用一般过去时


2After they had finished dinner they went into the sitting room and sat there to talk 晚餐结束以后,他们进入客厅去坐在那里谈话。(晚餐先结束的,所以描述晚餐的句子用过去完成时,去客厅的动作在后,用了一般过去时。)

12,过去完成时的被动语态: had been + done

the house had been fixed when I came there.当我到达那里的时候,房子已经被修好了。 先修的房子,我后到达的。

The people had been dispelled when I arrived there.

当我到达那里的时候,人群已经被驱散。

13现在完成进行时:表示从过去发生,但一直持续到现在的动作。

句型:have,has been + doing

例如,I have been working my new factory at that time when you wrote email to me. 当你写信给我的时候,我正在我的工厂里工作(表示现在仍然在那里工作)

I have been living here for 5 years.我已经在这里住了五年(这个动作持续到现在,而且现在我还住在这里)

注意这个句子也可以用现在完成时:I have lived here for 5 years.

表示一直持续到现在的动作,两个句型都可以。

 

14过去将来时: 表示在过去某个时间将要发生的事

句型: would/ should do 主动语态,

he said he would visit his Aunt last week but his leg broken.

他说他想上个礼拜拜访他的叔叔,但是他的腿骨折了。

He should go to school yesterday but he didn't go.

他应该在昨天去学校,但是他没有去。

15过去将来时的被动语态 would/should be + done(过去分词)

The government said that a new highway would be built next year

政府报道明年将修建一条高速公路。(被动语态)break broke broken

the government said that they would build a new highway(主动语态)

政府说他们将修建一条新的高速公路。

 

16将来进行时:表示在将来的某个时间正在发生的动作或者事情。

句型:will be doing

if you go there tonight you will see her. she will be dancing in the club at that time.

如果你今晚上到那儿,你将看见她正在夜总会跳舞。

Tomorrow you will meet her. She will be wearing a coat and red hat at that time in the front of the mall.

明天你将和她见面,到时她穿着一件外套,带着一个红帽子在一个大厦的门前。

17,现在将来完成时:表示在将来要完成的动作或者状态,这个动作或者状态将持续一段时间

句型:will have + done (动词的过去分词)(将来时和完成时融合在一起)

例句:the conference will have lasted 3 weeks by the time it ends 会议从开始到结束将持续三个星期(三个星期是个持续的时间,所以用完成时态)

I hope his health will have improved by the time you come back next year.(我希望到明年你回来的时候,他的身体已经好多了。)

18过去将来完成时: should have done. Would have done 主动语态

是过去将来时和现在完成时的组合,表示过去将要完成的动作或者状态。

I believed that by the end of this year they would have finished this job. But it looks nothing.

 

19过去将来完成进行时的被动语态:

should have been done/ would have been done 被动语态

I believed that by the end of this year that project would have been finished. But it looks nothing. (被动语态)

注意,当主语不是人,而是动物,物体或者其他没有行为能力的东西时,用被动语态。

例如:I thought the dogs should have been fed by him by the end of the day . 被动语态

I thought he should has fed the dogs by the end of the day.

主动语态

20过去将来进行时: should be doing, would be doing

I thought when I came there he should be eating at that time.

我认为当我到达那里的时候,他应该正在吃饭。

I believed that he would be quarreling his mom when I arrived there tonight. 我相信当我到达那里的时候,他正在和他的妈妈在吵架。

注意里面的动词都要用过去时,应该是过去将要发生的事。

总结:

时 态 句 型

一般现在时 主语 + do(动词原形)

一般过去时 主语 + 动词的过去式

一般将来时: will/ shall + do
be going to do ....
表示打算去做什么

will/shall be + done 被动语态

现在进行时: am ,Is , are + doing

am ,is ,are + being + done (被动语态)

过去进行时: was,were + doing

was,were + being + done (被动语态)

现在完成时 have ,has +done(动词的过去分词。)

have,has been + done (被动语态)

过去完成时: had + done(动词的过去分词)

had been + done 被动语态

现在完成进行时 have,has been + doing

过去将来时 would/ should do 主动语态

would/should be done(过去分词) 被动语态

将来进行时: will be doing

现在将来完成时: will have + done (动词的过去分词)

过去将来完成时: should have done/Would have done 主动语态

should have been done 被动语态

would have been done 被动语态

过去将来进行时: should be doing/ would be doing

 


 

 

英语共有十六种时态,其表现形式如下(study为例)

一般时       进行时           完成时           完成进行时

现在 study     be studying         have studied          have been studying

过去 studied     be studying         had studied       had been studying

将来 will study  wil be studying     will have studied     will have been studying

过去将来would study  would be studying  would have studied    would have been studying


 



 

对于英语时态这一课是我们的琳达老师根据自己二十多年的英语经验自己编写的材料。她对网上和中国书店里对于英语时态的编写认为很粗糙,有很多的语法错误。她对官方语法书里出现的大量的病句和错句进行了删除和修改。所以这个时态讲解里的例句都是她自己编写的,没有语法和逻辑的错误,大家可以放心学习使用。


 

还有在中国的语法书里出现了两种时态:过去完成进行时将来完成进行时琳达老师在编写时取消,因为这两种语法句型很生涩,在日常生活中根本不常用,已经脱离了英语学习的实际情况。琳达老师把这些不用的语法句型取消,并把语法简单化,常用化,让会员更好学,更容易记住。



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